Confira a matéria original (inglês) do site ABC da Austrália, na Oceania. Com entrevista com o proprietário Fabiano Borré.
High in Brazil’s Chapada Diamantina mountain range, workers have just started this year’s harvest.
The Fazenda Progresso farm is more than 1,100 metres above sea level and the soil in this so-called “bean belt” between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn provides fertile ground for a crop of coffee plants.
The harvest is the first step in a long process from farm to cup, which flows like this:
1.The producer: They run the farm where the coffee berries are grown and picked
2.The miller: They get the berries from the farm and mill them
3.The exporter: They ship the bags of beans around the world
4.The importer: The person in Australia who brings the beans in
5.The roaster: They buy the beans from the importer and roast them
6.The cafe: They buy the beans from the roaster and brew the coffee
7.The customer: You buy the coffee from the cafe
The Fazenda Progresso farm is soldiering on as Brazil fights what feels like a losing battle against coronavirus.
The country has nearly 2 million confirmed cases, second only to the United States, and more than 74,000 deaths.
Farm owner Fabiano Borré is worried.
“Not just because of the pandemic, but we are also facing a very big political [issue] in Brazil,” he said.
“It’s not a good situation right now, when you join some disease with some of the economic and political things [happening].”
Brazil’s President, Jair Bolsonaro, has repeatedly downplayed the virus, even as he caught it, and it has spread like wildfire through his country.
“Life goes on. Brazil needs to produce,” he said last week.
Fabiano says he is doing what he can on his farm to keep the virus at bay — installing wash basins, keeping things clean — but he is fearful of a wider problem.
If Australian cafes close down, his farm will suffer too.
“If [Australia’s] market cannot reopen, the people here in the region will be affected as well because they need to work,” he said.
“I believe the impact would be very, very dangerous — not just our company, not just our family, but a lot of people depend on the success of the harvest.”
Then there is the problem of actually picking the coffee during a pandemic.